What comes to mind when you think of Vienna? For me, it is the imperial ambience that could be found at every turn. From the opulent Hofburg to the grandiose Schönbrunn, the legacy of the Habsburgs monarchy is strikingly alive in this city…

Tiếng Việt

Vienna’s root dates back to 15 BC when the Romans established the military base Vindobona on the Danube River. In the following centuries, this settlement developed into a cultural, economic and political centre, eventually becoming the capital city of Austria at the beginning of the 19th century. Its focal point is the Innere Stadt (inner city) – an outstanding architectural ensemble, in which Baroque palaces and gardens blend with grand buildings and monuments in numerous architectural forms.

1. Innere Stadt

The Innere Stadt encompasses the entire Vienna’s historical centre. At the heart of it is the Stephansdom (St. Stephen Cathedral) – the city’s most recognisable symbol. It was firstly built in the 12th century to meet the town’s religious needs. But in 1258 a fire completely destroyed the original building. The cathedral received its current form in the Gothic style after the reconstruction in the 14th century. Stephansdom has borne witness to several important events in Habsburgs and Austrian history, including the famous “Viennese double wedding”, which brought the Habsburgs the Hungarian and Bohemian crowns.

Vienna 5
Stephansdom

Within walking distance from the cathedral is Hofburg – the main residence of Habsburgs dynasty rulers and thus power centre of the gigantic Habsburgs empire for more than 600 years. Built in the 13th century and expanded over centuries, the immense Baroque palace is comprised of various residences such as the St. Michael’s Wing, the Court Library, the Imperial Butterfly House and the Neue Burg (New Palace). The whole complex is about 240,000 m² in size and is decorated in various architectural style, from Gothic to Baroque and Neo-Classicism. Today, the Hofburg Palace is home to numerous museums with outstanding collections, the Spanish Riding School and the seat of Austrian Federal President.

Hofburg
St. Michael’s Wing
New Palace
Neue Burg

At the periphery of the Innere Stadt, you can find the marvellous Vienna’s city hall in Neo-Gothic style and the Greek-inspired Austrian Parliament Building. Both were constructed in the 19th century under the rule of Emperor Franz Joseph and they are lined along the magnificent Ringstraße – a circular, grand boulevard surrounding the old town. The Karlskirche (St. Charles Church) with its unmistakable cupola is also located on this boulevard. The church is the last work of the eminent architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and was built as the result of a vow taken by Emperor Charles VI during a plague epidemic. Finished in 1739, St. Charles Church is widely considered as the most outstanding Baroque religious building in the city.

Vienna's City Hall
Vienna’s City Hall during the Life Ball
Pallas Athena
Austrian Parliament Building
St. Charles Church
St. Charles Church

Practical Information:

  • Vienna’s old town is relatively compact and can be explored by foot. But thanks to the city’s excellent public transport system, it can be done by metro as well. With metro (symbolised by U): U1 to Stephanplatz, or U3 to either Stephanplatz or Herrengasse. Another alternative is using tram 1 or 2, however, they only run along the Ringstraße.
  • Vienna Life Ball is the biggest charity event in Europe supporting people with HIV and AIDS. It’s held annually in June and the venue is in front of the City Hall.

2. Belvedere

Outside the old town, the imperial atmosphere is clearly visible on the splendid Belvedere. Built in the early 18th century by the famous architect Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, the Baroque palace was the summer residence of Prince Eugene of Savoy and comprises of two palaces: the Upper Belvedere and the Lower Belvedere as well as an extensive garden. It is counted as one of Europe’s most stunning Baroque landmarks and listed as UNESCO Heritage Site since 2001 (together with the city’s historic centre). Today, it houses of the greatest exhibition of Austrian art dating from the Middle Age to present day, including works by Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh and the world’s largest collection of oil paintings by the iconic artist Gustav Klimt. Kiss (Lover) – his most popular masterpiece – holds an honourable position in the Upper Belvedere.

Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Painting collage in the Belvedere

Practical Information: 

Belvedere is not always crowded. But you should buy the ticket online in advance to avoid the (possible) queue at the ticket office. To get there: take Tram D to Schloss Belvedere.

3. Schloss Schönbrunn

Another architectural gem that should not be missed is Schloss Schönbrunn (Schönbrunn Palace) located in the western part of Vienna. The palace’s history dates back to 300 years ago when Emperor Leopold I ordered to build an imperial hunting lodge for his son, Crown Prince Joseph. Over the course of the 18th century, it grew into a palatial residence and the young Prince, later to become Emperor Franz Joseph, spent a great deal of his life here.

Schloss
Schloss Schönbrunn

With over 1400 beautifully decorated rooms (several are opened to the public) and an extravagant garden, the former imperial summer residence is one of the country’s most popular attractions. The palace is surrounded by an enormous Baroque garden extending for 1.2 kilometres from east to west and approximately 1 kilometre from north to south. In the garden, you can find many beautiful sites such as the Maze, the Neptune Fountain or the Gloriette.

Schloss Schönbrunn
Grand Fountain in Schönbrunn Park
Irrgarten
Irrgarten (Maze) in Schönbrunn Park
Gloriette
Gloriette in Schönbrunn Park

Practical Information:

  • As a tourist hotspot, Schloss Schönbrunn is usually crowded. Thus, it is strongly recommended to book the ticket online in advance. Considering a combo-ticket if you want to visit both the palace and the garden.
  • Only the ticket to the palace is time-slotted. Other attractions in the garden can be visited whenever you want.
  • To get there: take U4 to Schönbrunn.
  • If you are interested in the Habsburgs monarchy, more information can be found here.

Vienna – Thành Phố Hoàng Gia

Nếu bạn hỏi tôi nghĩ gì khi nhắc đến Vienna – thủ đô của Áo? Tôi sẽ trả lời cho bạn ngay đó là sự vương giả. Từ cung điện mùa đông Hofburg đến cung điện mùa hè Schönbrunn, tất cả đều toát lên một vẻ nguy nga, tráng lệ, thể hiện uy quyền của vương triều Habsburg hùng mạnh.

Vienna được hình thành vào khoảng năm thứ 15 trước Công Nguyên khi người La Mã cho xây dựng căn cứ quân sự tại đây. Vùng đất bên bờ sông Danube này được đặt tên là Vindobona và nó đã phát triển thành một trung tâm văn hóa, kinh tế và chính trị trong những thế kỉ tiếp theo. Trung tâm của Vienna là khu vực Innere Stadt, nơi đặt cung điện Hofburg và nhà thờ Stephansdom – biểu tượng của Vienna.

1. Innere Stadt

Innere Stadt bao gồm toàn bộ khu phố cổ của Vienna. Bước vào đây bạn như bước ngược dòng thời gian, quay về thế kỉ thứ 18, 19 với vô vàn những cung điện, công trình kiến trúc theo phong cách cổ, những con đường lát đá và những chiếc xe ngựa lộng lẫy. Ở trung tâm của khu phố cổ là nhà thờ Stephansdom. Được xây dựng vào thế kỉ 12 và trùng tu vào thế kỉ 14, nhà thờ theo phong cách Gothic là biểu tượng của thành phố Vienna và là nơi tổ chức nhiều sự kiện quan trọng trong lịch sử của Áo cũng như vương triều Habsburgs.

Vienna 5
Stephansdom

Nằm không xa Stephansdom là cung điện Hofburg – cung điện mùa đông và là nơi ở của các Hoàng Đế vương quốc Áo-Hung trong suốt 600 năm. Cung điện được xây dựng vào khoảng thế kỉ 13 nhưng được cơi nới và mở rộng trong những thế kỉ sau. Cung điện bao gồm nhiều dinh thự nhỏ như dinh thự St. Michael, Thư Viện Hoàng Gia, khu vườn bướm và Neue Burg (cung điện mới).

Hofburg
St. Michael’s Wing
New Palace
Neue Burg

Nếu bạn đi xa một tí bạn sẽ bắt gặp Tòa Thị Chính Vienna ở rìa của khu phố cổ, sừng sững như một tòa lâu đài với tháp đồng hồ cao vút (khá giống Tòa Thị Chính Brussel). Bên cạnh đó là Tòa Nhà Quốc Hội Áo mang phong cách Hy Lạp cổ đại. Cả hai công trình này đều nằm trên đại lộ Ringstraße và được xây dựng vào khoảng thế kỉ 19 dưới triều đại của Hoàng Đế Franz Joseph.

Vienna's City Hall
Vienna’s City Hall during the Life Ball
Pallas Athena
Pallas Athena in front of the Austrian Parliament Building

Một số thông tin cần biết: Phần lớn các điểm tham quan trong khu phố cổ đều có thể đi bộ dến. Tuy nhiên, bạn cũng có thể sử dụng Metro: U1 đến Stephanplatz hay U3 đến Stephanplatz và Herrengasse. Tram 1 và 2 cũng là một lựa chọn nếu bạn muốn tham quan các điểm nằm dọc theo đại lộ Ringstraße.

2. Belvedere

Bên ngoài khu phố cổ, không khí hoàng gia được thể hiện rõ nét qua cung điện Belvedere tráng lệ. Được xây vào thế kỉ 18 cho Hoàng Tử Eugene xứ Savoy, Belvedere được đánh giá là một tuyệt tác thời bấy giờ với hai cung điện và một khu vườn theo phong cách baroque. Trong đó, cung điện Belvedere là nơi lưu giữ bộ sưu tập tranh quý giá nhất của Áo, bao gồm các tác phẩm từ thời kì Trung Cổ đến hiện tại.

Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere
Belvedere

Một số thông tin cần biết: Belvedere thường không đông lắm nhưng bạn vẫn nên mua vé online để giảm thiểu thời gian chờ tại quầy vé. Để đến Belvedere, bạn đi Tram D đến trạm Schloss Belvedere.

3. Schönbrunn

Có lẽ không đâu ở Vienna mà sự vương giả thể hiện rõ nét như ở Schönbrunn. Nằm ở phía Tây thành phố, Schönbrunn là cung điện mùa hè của vương triều Habsburgs và là một địa điểm du lịch nổi tiếng của Áo. Cung điện mang phong cách baroque này bao gồm hơn 1400 trong phòng (trong đó khoảng 40 phòng là mở cửa cho khách tham quan) và một khu vườn xa hoa tráng lệ với đền đài, hồ nước và hàng trăm tượng điêu khác.

Irrgarten
Irrgarten (Maze) in Schönbrunn Park
Gloriette
Gloriette in Schönbrunn Park
Schloss Schönbrunn
Grand Fountain in Schönbrunn Park

Chính tại nơi đây, Hoàng Đế Franz Joseph, người trị vì lâu đời nhất của vương quốc Áo-Hung đã được sinh ra. Ông đã dành phần lớn thời gian tại Schönbrunn và cũng qua đời tại cung điện này.

Schloss
Schloss Schönbrunn

Một số thông tin cần biết: Cung điện Schönbrunn rất đông khách tham quan nên nhất thiết cần mua vé trước. Bạn có thể book vé tại đây: https://www.schoenbrunn.at/en/. Vé được chia theo time-slot và bạn có thể chọn vé đơn (chỉ tham quan lâu đài) hoặc vé combo (cả vườn và lâu đài). Để đến Schönbrunn: đi U4 đến trạm Schönbrunn.

45 comments

  1. Vienna is hands down my favorite city in Europe. Its compact historical center, impressive palaces, and big portions of food are just a few of what I love the most about the city. I was lucky to have a local (my cousin’s friend) to take us around. Your beautiful photos bring back some fond memories to me, so thanks for that!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. My pleasure! Apart from the palaces, the thing I love most in Vienna is the cake. They taste heavenly! I am not really interested in sweets, but I ate cakes every day when I was in Vienna. 🙂

      Like

  2. Thanks for an informative post, there is no substitute for personal recommendations. We are spending Christmas in Vienna. Looks like there will be plenty to see and do.😀

    Liked by 1 person

    1. You will surely enjoy Christmas in Vienna! The city is absolutely stunning during the holiday season. You cannot visit the gardens but the Christmas Markets will be able to make up for that. But it will be icy cold, regardless what the weather person say 🙂 I trusted the weather forecast and was silly enough to leave the gloves at the hotel. The result: I could not make any photo because my hands were numb.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Cooool, so much to look forward to. You sound like a wise old historian (a wise old historian who takes great photos). 🙂
    Must admit I’m getting a little fatigued from seeing all those palaces and castles and churches and cobbled streets and I’m getting my sites mixed up…

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I can understand 🙂 They looks pretty much similar, especially between Germany (Bavaria), Austria, Hungary and Czech. Well, they belonged to one dynasty after all. When you are in Vienna, do not miss the Schnitzel at Figlmüller (reservation is seemingly impossible so show up early).

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Most of the time, I read the description/leaflet at the sights 🙂 If there is anything that I found interest, i will buy a book about those places or Google them. I don’t have a book that covers Europe history in general. I think Europe history is so complex with so many dynasties (marrying, fighting,etc.). I can only remember several names and some major events 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Wow, a luckbringer! When in Vienna, you should definitively try the cakes too 🙂 I recommend Cafe Central (the Schokoladezauber is the best) and Cafe Sacher (their classic Sacher Torte). I think both are good but I like Central a bit more 🙂

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      3. Crap, you serious! The schnitzel is twice the size of my head! I thought the pork knuckles in Munich were big enough, but this is something else…
        Did you go Gundel in Budapest?

        Like

  4. Breathtaking photos! I was in Vienna once, and I found it to be beautiful, although I don’t think I am going back anytime soon. I really want to visit other cities in Austria though.. Salzburg, Innsbruck, Hallstatt. Maybe a blog post on one of those places if you’ve already been there? 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

  5. I have been twice to Vienna.

    The 2nd time was for the Christimas market and also, I got engaged there:) So it will always hold a place in my heart.

    Great post!
    Please also follow my travels, hope you’ll get also inspiration!
    You have my full support as well.

    https://egodiary.com

    Julia
    Romania

    Liked by 1 person

      1. :)))) Yes, he put some effort to it;) and actually set a trend among some of our friends. But of course these are in the end the least important things; what counts is respect and caring

        Like

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