Kronborg: Power of the Danish Royal

Tiếng Việt

Immortalised as Elsinore in Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most renowned castles in Northern Europe. With tall ramparts and strong bastions, it commanded the strategic Strait of Øresund and thus symbolised the power of the Danish royal.


Kronborg’s history dates back to the 15th century when the Danish King, Eric of Pomerania built a stronghold at the northeastern tip of Zealand. He wanted to control all navigation through the Øresund – a strategically important stretch of water between Denmark and Sweden. The king insisted that all ships enter or leave Baltic Sea passing through this strait had to pay a toll, bringing an immense fortune to Denmark.

The Road to Kronborg

In the next century, King Frederik II transformed the fortification into an outstanding Renaissance castle with sandstone ornaments, spires, towers and copper roofs. The building resembles a king crown with four wings surrounding a spacious courtyard. That’s why it was named Kronborg, which means the “Crown Castle”.

The moat surrounding Kronborg

The Impregnable Fortress

From the 16th century to the end of the 19th century, Kronborg was admired for its beauty as a royal castle and feared for its strength as a seemingly impregnable fortress. The only occasion that the castle fell was the assault of the Swedish army in 1658. Afterwards, the defences were strengthened with a new series of ramparts, loopholes and cannons, making it the strongest fortress in Northern Europe.

The weathered rampart of Kronborg

By controlling the Øresund, Kronborg played an important role in the history of this region. During this period more than 1.8 million ships passed through this strait and all of them had to pay a toll at this fortress. The Øresund tax was not only a huge source of income; it was also considered as a political instrument. For this reason, Kronborg became a symbol of Denmark’s power.

Kronborg – Power of the Danish royalty

Practical Information about Kronborg

  • Kronborg is accessible by trains from Copenhagen (Central Station or Nørreport Station). Station: Helsingør St. During the day, trains run every 20 minutes and take approximately one hour.
  • The surrounding area also boasts some attractions, including the silver Merman, the Øresund aquarium, and the M/S Maritime Museum of Denmark. Built on an abandoned shipyard, this modern museum covers Danish trade and shipping from the early 15th century to the present day. Even if you are not a fan of those things, the world-class architecture is reason enough to visit.
Glass, aluminum-clad bridges and stairs, world-class architecture at Maritime Museum of Denmark
Advertisements

16 thoughts on “Kronborg: Power of the Danish Royal”

  1. Mel & Suan – Singapore – Mel works his day job for a living, but lives for antiquities, history and geography at all other times. He enjoys writing and thought sharing and obviously traveling. Suan is a homey person, who like girlie stuff such as cross stitching etc. Enjoys shopping & modeling for Mel. What a match!
    Mel & Suan says:

    Happy 2018!
    Wow. Having being in Denmark quite many times in the past we had not gone inside the Kronborg nor the maritime museum! This is a good reminder for us to do so when we next get through Copenhagen!

  2. Happy 2018, you two! The castle is definitely worth visiting, even though its appearance might not be as impressive as castles in Germany, France or Spain 🙂 If you like, you can take the ship from there to Sweden. The distance is even shorter than from Copenhagen to Malmö.

  3. Nano @ Travels With Nano – Tokyo, Japan – Hi, I'm Nano! Welcome to my site! Travels With Nano is filled with everything I am passionate about: uncovering the world one sight, bite and cultural experience at a time. I'm here to share savvy travel tips and inspire (not influence!) your future travel adventures. Needless to say, I am thrilled to have you here reading!
    Nano @ Travel With Nano B. says:

    How fascinating! A nice tip to remember when I finally visit Copenhagen. Thanks for sharing Len! And Happy 2018!

  4. Jolene – Sydney, Australia – Jolene is a banker by trade, a writer at heart, and is a contributor to Thought Catalog. You are welcome to peek into her adventures and reflections on films and life at "SoMuchToTellYou", her ultimate love affair with words.
    Jolene says:

    I like the serenity of the shots. It must be a lovely place to escape to…
    How’s your new year been? I’m feeling a little unmotivated I must admit.

      1. Jolene – Sydney, Australia – Jolene is a banker by trade, a writer at heart, and is a contributor to Thought Catalog. You are welcome to peek into her adventures and reflections on films and life at "SoMuchToTellYou", her ultimate love affair with words.
        Jolene says:

        But I didn’t even have a holiday! Just very lazy…

      2. I intended to say that you might get winter depression. But I remember it’s still summer in Australia. So you are probably bitten by lazy bugs! 🙂
        If you are too lazy to write, you can make a photo diary. I guess you still have some memorable travel moments that you want to share with us 😉

  5. Megha's World – I’m a mother of a smart and energetic seven-year-old. I started expressing myself creatively since the last two years. Since then I have been continuously inspired by events in my life and around me which has helped me in penning my thoughts. I’m an avid reader, loves to sing, an ardent lover of poetry and sometimes can scribble few lines too. Loves to dance in the rain, have an undying love for nature, can watch the beautiful sunset for hours. Love to kiss and hug my loved ones. I have worked in the IT field for almost a decade as a manager, worked crazy hours and traveled around the world. In that busy schedule, I never got the time to creatively express my thoughts. Now every time I finish a poem, free verse anything it fills me with so much happiness and excitement and a feeling to have created something of my own. I’m planning to post at least one creation of mine weekly. Lastly, a million thanks to all who visit, like or follow my tiny bits of creation. Every time you do that, I get to know one more beautiful person in my life and get the chance to see their creation too.
    Megha's World says:

    I always loved reading your post about such exotic places.It transports me to such places for a moment. Beautifully described.

      1. Megha's World – I’m a mother of a smart and energetic seven-year-old. I started expressing myself creatively since the last two years. Since then I have been continuously inspired by events in my life and around me which has helped me in penning my thoughts. I’m an avid reader, loves to sing, an ardent lover of poetry and sometimes can scribble few lines too. Loves to dance in the rain, have an undying love for nature, can watch the beautiful sunset for hours. Love to kiss and hug my loved ones. I have worked in the IT field for almost a decade as a manager, worked crazy hours and traveled around the world. In that busy schedule, I never got the time to creatively express my thoughts. Now every time I finish a poem, free verse anything it fills me with so much happiness and excitement and a feeling to have created something of my own. I’m planning to post at least one creation of mine weekly. Lastly, a million thanks to all who visit, like or follow my tiny bits of creation. Every time you do that, I get to know one more beautiful person in my life and get the chance to see their creation too.
        Megha's World says:

        My pleasure.

  6. Lâu đài này có vẻ kiên cố hơn mấy lâu đài bên Nhật. Có lẽ ở Nhật thời xưa ít bị tấn công bằng súng đại bác hơn.

    1. Cháu nghĩ Kronborg xây kiên cố chắc là để chịu được cannonball của tàu chiến 🙂 Chứ xây bằng gỗ như ở Nhật chắc vài shot là sập. Nhưng về quy mô thì lâu đài ở Nhật cũng ko kém đâu. Ví dụ như lâu đài Himeji cũng có đến mấy vòng thành.

Leave a Reply