Tsutenkaku Tower - A symbol of Osaka's new world

Osaka: The Bold and the Colourful

Tiếng Việt

A forest of concrete buildings, Osaka is hardly Japan’s prettiest city in the conventional sense. But this brazen city packs more colour than most, with eye-catching signs and vivid shopfronts can be found at nearly every corner. From the bustling streets of Minami to spectacular skyscrapers in Kita, Osaka is a city that definitely isn’t afraid to express itself.


Positioned at the mouth of Yodo River on Osaka Bay, Osaka (大阪) has long been an important port and a centre of commerce in Japan. It started as a merchant city, with a large percentage of the population belonging to the respective class. Over the course of the Edo period, the city functioned as the centre of rice trading. Thus, it has been known as the “nation’s kitchen”.

Following the Meiji Restoration, Osaka expanded greatly in size and underwent rapid industrialisation. It evolved into an economic powerhouse on the island of Honshu, where multinational corporations headquartered. Even Japan’s first brokerage firm, Nomura Securities, was also founded here in 1925. Today, Osaka is the de-facto capital of the Kansai region and home to the country’s second-largest stock exchange. It still houses electronic giants such as Panasonic and Sharp, though others have moved to Tokyo.

Aside from its role as a financial centre, Osaka today is popular for its vibrant nightlife. It has a street food scene that is hearty and down-to-earth. Most notably are the area around Namba station and the retro-style Shinsekai. Further north, the city is known for its modern architecture. It’s Osaka of the 21st century where sky-crappers, high-end boutiques and trendy restaurants dominate.

Minami (Namba)

Clustered around the gigantic Namba Station, Minami (南, “South”), also known as Namba, is one of Osaka’s two major city centres. It is a collection of bustling streets where hundreds of shops, restaurants and tasty food vendors are located. With endless dining and shopping options, this place is a true heaven for shopaholic and food lovers.

Among these streets, the Dotonbori – which runs parallel to a canal with the same name – is highly popular among visitors. It’s characterised by vibrant colour and eye-catching shopfronts. When the night falls, the area is even more fascinating. Countless dazzling neons and mechanised signs are illuminated, leaving everyone in awe.

Osaka’s most bustling crossroad – Dotonbori & Shinsaibashi
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Shinsekai

Located next to Tennoji Zoo in the southern part of the city, Shinsekai (新世界) was Osaka’s “new world”. Despite its bad reputation as the city’s most dangerous area, Shinsekai boasts a unique identity. Many of its low-cost restaurants, shogi and mahjong clubs, as well as pachinko parlours, open 24 hours. But they truly come alive when the lights come on at night.

Beautiful shopfront at Shinsekai

Developed in 1912 with New York as a model for its southern half and Paris for its northern half, the district showcased a modern image of Osaka. However, the district was largely abandoned after Japan’s defeat in World War II. Consequently, the once-beautiful neighbourhood turned into one of Japan’s poorest areas.

Until now, it is still a hotbed for criminal activities, such as smuggle, prostitution and gang violence. Homeless men, from all over Japan, also head to Shinsekai to escape the stigma of hometown societal shame. Being said that, the area is not off-limits to civilians. Locals and tourists can still wander the streets freely without feeling threatened.

Tsutenkaku Tower – A symbol of Osaka’s new world

At the district’s centre stands the 103-metre high Tsutenkaku Tower (通天閣, “Tower Reaching Heaven”), the nostalgia-evoking symbol of Shinsekai. The current tower is the second to occupy this site. It was rebuilt in 1956 after the original tower which imitates Paris’ Eiffel Tower was destroyed in WWII. Aside from the main observatory at a height of 91 metres, a new open-air deck on top of the main observatory was opened in late 2015.

Shinsekai’s restaurants come alive at night

Kita (Umeda)

Modern and sophisticated, Kita district (北, “North”), often referred to as Umeda, is the 21st-century version of Osaka. As a major commercial and business district, Kita is widely known for its high density of tall buildings and skyscrapers. Among them, the shining 173-metre-high Umeda Sky Building seems to be the most spectacular. Additionally, this district offers an abundant selection of shopping, fine dining, entertainment, and nightlife venues.

Similar to Minami, Kita is concentrated around a transportation hub which comprises of Umeda and Osaka Station. Over the past years, this area has been undergoing a major rejuvenation. From a large former freight railyard, it has been redeveloped into a new, modern city district. The Osaka Station – once Japan’s gloomiest and most uncomfortable station – also went through a major facelift. Today, it’s one of the country’s most pleasant station with lavish design and a glass roof high above the trains.

Practical Information in Osaka

  • As a transportation hub, Osaka is well connected to major cities in Japan and across Asia. Its main gateway – the Kansai International Airport – is located 50 kilometres from the city and accessible by JR trains.
  • Despite its sheer size, the city of Osaka is covered by a superb public transport system. In fact, you can reach all the above-mentioned area by the Midosuji subway (red line).
  • For a short stay, OSAKA Day Pass might be a good choice because it grants unlimited rides on both metro and city buses within one or two days.
  • Due to its central location, Osaka is an ideal base to explore destinations within the Kansai region, such as Kyoto, Nara, Himeji and Kōyasan.
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37 thoughts on “Osaka: The Bold and the Colourful”

  1. Jolene – Sydney, Australia – Jolene is a banker by trade, a writer at heart, and is a contributor to Thought Catalog. You are welcome to peek into her adventures and reflections on films and life at "SoMuchToTellYou", her ultimate love affair with words.
    Jolene says:

    You made it to Japan! It’s prettier at night isn’t it? Osaka I hear has a ton of Michelin starred restaurants, did you go?

    1. Nope, I haven’t tried any Michelin starred restaurant during this trip. This time, I mainly went to the typical Japanese restaurants – those that have max. 10-15 seats and serve only a few dishes. Although we had to queue everyday for our meals, it’s definitely worth it 😀

      1. Jolene – Sydney, Australia – Jolene is a banker by trade, a writer at heart, and is a contributor to Thought Catalog. You are welcome to peek into her adventures and reflections on films and life at "SoMuchToTellYou", her ultimate love affair with words.
        Jolene says:

        Yep, I really like those restaurants too. I would totally go back Japan just for the food! Hope you show us some foodie stories

      2. Of course! They are scheduled to be online… in August. I have to save the best for the end 😉

      3. Jolene – Sydney, Australia – Jolene is a banker by trade, a writer at heart, and is a contributor to Thought Catalog. You are welcome to peek into her adventures and reflections on films and life at "SoMuchToTellYou", her ultimate love affair with words.
        Jolene says:

        OMG, you are so disciplined, I would just always go through my favourites first…
        Can’t believe you have scheduled your posts all the way to August… That’s a long time to wait!

  2. Bama – Jakarta, Indonesia – Based in Jakarta, always curious about the world, always fascinated by ancient temples, easily pleased by food.
    Bama says:

    Ahh so you just returned from Japan! Your photos bring back some fond memories, especially those of Shinsekai because as a matter of fact I actually stayed there, right at the “most dangerous” place in the city. I guess being Japan dangerous is a rather misleading term for it looked a lot safer than many “normal” corners of Southeast Asian cities. This post makes me want to go back to Japan!

    1. Totally agree! Based on Japanese standard, Shinsekai is deemed as a dangerous area. But if you compare to many other cities, not just in SEA but in the West as well, such as Barcelona, Prague or Rome, it is a safe haven 🙂

  3. Nano @ Travels With Nano – Tokyo, Japan – Hi, I'm Nano! Welcome to my site! Travels With Nano is filled with everything I am passionate about: uncovering the world one sight, bite and cultural experience at a time. I'm here to share savvy travel tips and inspire (not influence!) your future travel adventures. Needless to say, I am thrilled to have you here reading!
    Nano @ Travel With Nano B. says:

    You couldn’t have described Osaka better – bold and colorful indeed! Photos look amazing, as always. Looks like you had a great time 🙂 xx

    1. Absolutely! I love the Osaka’s food scene: delicious and the choice is virtually endless. It took me a whole day just to “sample” foods around Namba 🙂

  4. PopCultureKing – Rose Hill, NC – Link to blog —> https://popculturekings.wordpress.com/2019/05/29/a-tooth-truth-the-history-beyond-the-tooth-fairy/ I write when I'm not helping mold the future leaders of America in my high school English class. I am a diverse Christian family man with an eclectic personality who is addicted to all things pop culture. You'll come to love me, if you don't already. I am sorry to tell you this, but you'll get addicted to me. :)
    chbrown6 says:

    I would love to experience Japan and Osaka would be on the top of my list. Beautiful pictures. Thanks for sharing.

  5. vinneve – I believe in this quote "Life is a JOURNEY, travel it well." Wherever we may end up so long as there is LOVE we will be happy!
    vinneve says:

    Vibrant City! Wish I could go to any place in Japan.

  6. Nếu Covid-19 chấm dứt vào trước tháng 8-9 cô sẽ đi Nhật lần nữa, từ 4 cho đến 6 tuần, vào cuối tháng 10 và sẽ đến Osaka. Lúc ấy sẽ đọc lại bài này lần nữa.

    1. Mùa thu Nhật Bản chắc sẽ đẹp lắm đó cô. Hi vọng dịch sớm qua nhanh. Be safe, cô nhé! 🙂

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