Luxembourg Old Town resembles an oasis in the middle of a modern city.
The town rolls on a very steep rocky outcrop at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse Rivers. Until the 19th century, it was one of Europe’s largest fortresses.
Though the fortress was dismantled, its layout and buildings are retained.
Inside and at the foot of the ramparts – the Grund – is where people lived and engaged in businesses. The Abbey of Neumünster is the area's landmark and worship place.
The Upper Town was reserved for the nobles and religious communities.
Noteworthy buildings in this area are the Grand Ducal Palace and the Notre Dame Cathedral. It also grants a sweeping view of the Grund and the beautiful Pétrusee Valley.
Many gates, bastions, and casemates still remain in Luxembourg Old Town.