Much of Kyoto's temples, shrines, and palaces survived the war.
Nijō Castle demonstrates the power of the Tokugawa shoguns.
The flatland castle consists of two concentric rings of fortifications. Each is accompanied by wide moats, massive stone walls, and heavy yet intricate gates.
Hidden behind this intimidating facade are, however, dreamy gardens and a grand palace where an exquisite collection of kimonos was on display.
Exhibition "Kimono Roboto" at Nijō Castle. Each robe is a masterpiece.
In total there are over 1,600 Buddhist temples located in and around Kyoto.
Nearly all structures are made of wood as the country is prone to earthquakes. And the use of stone is limited to certain areas, such as the base and outdoor decorations.
Kyoto’s temples are often incorporated in the surrounding landscapes, such as superb gardens or lush mountains.
The city is also home to more than 400 Shinto shrines.
Shinto shrines are dedicated to a wide variety of of kami (Japanese deities). They are usually adorned with statues or relics , and the unmistakably vermillion torii.
Torii-covered path at Fushimi Inari.